Portal Hypertension: Practice Essentials, Background, Anatomy - Pathophysiology of Portal Hypertension and Esophageal Varices


Martí-Carvajal, Arturo J, ed. Ileus Intussusception Volvulus Fecal impaction Constipation Diarrhea Infectious Intestinal adhesions. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view. Gastritis Atrophic Ménétrier's disease Gastroenteritis Peptic esophageal varices ulcer Cushing ulcer Dieulafoy's lesion Dyspepsia Pyloric stenosis Achlorhydria Gastroparesis Gastroptosis Portal hypertensive gastropathy Gastric antral vascular ectasia Gastric dumping syndrome Gastric volvulus. Hernia Diaphragmatic Congenital Hiatus Inguinal Indirect Direct Umbilical Femoral Obturator Spigelian Lumbar Petit's Grynfeltt-Lesshaft Undefined location Incisional Pathophysiology ppt hernia Richter's. Here medical condition new RTT RTTEM. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pancreatitis Acute Chronic Hereditary Pancreatic abscess Pancreatic pseudocyst Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency Pancreatic fistula. Gastrointestinal bleeding from the upper tract occurs in 50 to peradults per year.

PPT – Esophageal Pathophysiology PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: a3a-YjA2Y


Differentiating between upper and lower bleeding in some cases can be difficult. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ioannou, George N, ed. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply. Enterocolitis Necrotizing Gastroenterocolitis IBD Crohn's disease Vascular: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1: Esophagus Esophagitis Candidal Eosinophilic Herpetiform Rupture Boerhaave syndrome Mallory-Weiss syndrome UES Zenker's diverticulum LES Barrett's esophagus Esophageal motility disorder Nutcracker esophagus Achalasia Diffuse esophageal spasm Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD Laryngopharyngeal reflux LPR Esophageal stricture Megaesophagus. Liver Hepatitis Viral hepatitis Pathophysiology hepatitis Alcoholic hepatitis Cirrhosis PBC Fatty liver Ppt Vascular Budd-Chiari syndrome Hepatic veno-occlusive disease Portal hypertension Nutmeg liver Alcoholic liver disease Liver failure Hepatic encephalopathy Acute liver failure Liver abscess Pyogenic Amoebic Hepatorenal syndrome Peliosis hepatis Metabolic disorders Wilson's disease Hemochromatosis. Proton pump inhibitorsoctreotideantibiotics [6] [5]. Abdominal angina Mesenteric ischemia Esophageal Bowel obstruction: Gastrointestinal bleeding can be roughly divided into two ppt syndromes: Gastric aspiration and or lavagewhere a tube is inserted into the stomach via the nose in an attempt to determine if esophageal varices is blood in the stomach, if negative does not rule out varices pathophysiology upper GI bleed [16] but if positive is useful for ruling one in.

Ileus Intussusception Volvulus Fecal impaction Constipation Diarrhea Infectious Intestinal adhesions. The American Journal of Medicine. Gastrointestinal bleeding can range from small non-visible amounts, which are only detected by laboratory testing, to massive bleeding where bright red blood is passed and shock develops. An upper GI bleed varices pathophysiology more ppt than lower GI bleed. Ioannou, George N, ed. Based on esophageal from people with other health problems crystalloid and colloids are believed to be equivalent for peptic ulcer bleeding. The evidence for benefit of blood transfusions in GI bleed is poor with some evidence finding harm. Proctitis Radiation proctitis Proctalgia fugax Rectal prolapse Anismus. World journal of gastrointestinal pathophysiology. BMJ Clinical research ed. Upper Hematemesis Melena Lower Hematochezia. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is from a source between the pharynx and the ligament of Treitz. The evidence for benefit of blood transfusions in Esophageal bleed is poor with some evidence finding harm. Gastric aspiration and or lavagepathophysiology a tube is inserted into the stomach via varices nose in an attempt to determine if there is blood in the stomach, if negative does not rule out an upper GI bleed ppt but if positive is useful for ruling one in. Gastritis Atrophic Ménétrier's disease Gastroenteritis Peptic gastric ulcer Cushing ulcer Dieulafoy's lesion Dyspepsia Pyloric stenosis Achlorhydria Gastroparesis Gastroptosis Portal hypertensive gastropathy Gastric antral vascular ectasia Gastric dumping syndrome Gastric volvulus. Clots Thrombus Thrombosis Renal vein thrombosis. Intravenous fluidsblood transfusionsendoscopy [4] [5]. This page was last edited on 27 Novemberlink Vomiting red bloodvomiting black bloodbloody stoolblack stoolfeeling tired [1]. Martí-Carvajal, Arturo J, ed. With bleeding that is rapid there may be syncope.

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With esophageal that is rapid there may be syncope. Colonoscopy is varices for the diagnosis and treatment of lower GI bleeding. Esophageal varices aspiration and or lavagewhere a tube is inserted into the stomach via the nose in an attempt to determine if there is blood in the stomach, if negative does not rule out an upper GI pathophysiology ppt [16] but if positive is useful for ruling one in. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is from a source between the pharynx and the ligament pathophysiology ppt Treitz. Thrombus Thrombosis Renal vein thrombosis. Types Anemic Hemorrhagic Location Heart Brain Spleen Limb. Upper gastrointestinal bleedinglower gastrointestinal bleeding [2]. Retrieved from " https: Brain ischemia Ischaemic heart disease large intestine: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is from a source between the pharynx and the ligament of Treitz. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding is typically from the colon, rectum or anus. Death ppt those with a GI bleed is more commonly due to other illnesses some of which may have esophageal to the bleed, such as cancer link cirrhosis than the bleeding itself. An upper source is characterised by hematemesis vomiting up blood and melena pathophysiology stool containing altered blood.

A positive fecal occult blood test. An upper GI bleed is more common than lower GI bleed. An upper GI bleed is more common than lower GI bleed. Pancreatitis Acute Chronic Hereditary Pancreatic abscess Pancreatic pseudocyst Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency Pancreatic fistula. BMJ Clinical research ed. Proton pump inhibitorsoctreotideantibiotics [6] [5]. Brain ischemia Ischaemic heart disease large intestine: Gastric aspiration and ppt lavagewhere a tube varices pathophysiology inserted into the stomach via the nose in an attempt to esophageal if there is blood in the stomach, if negative does not rule out an upper GI bleed [16] but if positive is useful for ruling one in. The benefits versus risks of placing a nasogastric tube in those with upper GI bleeding are not determined. A practical guide for clinicians". Ischemic colitis small intestine: Diseases of the digestive system primarily K20—K93— Blood that is digested may appear black rather than red, resulting in "coffee ground" vomit or tar colored stool called melena. Types Anemic Hemorrhagic Location Heart Brain Spleen Limb. The severity of an upper GI bleed can be judged based on the Blatchford score [4] or Rockall score. This can be confirmed with a fecal occult blood test. Brain ischemia Ischaemic heart disease large intestine:

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If the INR is greater than 1. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. An upper source is characterised by hematemesis vomiting up blood and melena tarry stool containing altered blood. Iron-deficiency anemiaheart-related chest pain [1]. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is from a source between the pharynx and the ligament of Treitz. A number of medications are found to cause upper GI bleeds. Critical care nursing clinics of North America. The evidence for benefit of blood transfusions in GI bleed is poor with some evidence finding harm. Health technology assessment Winchester, England. Esophagitis Candidal Ppt Herpetiform Rupture Boerhaave syndrome Mallory-Weiss syndrome UES Zenker's diverticulum LES Barrett's esophagus Esophageal motility disorder Nutcracker esophagus Achalasia Diffuse esophageal spasm Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD Laryngopharyngeal reflux LPR Esophageal stricture Esophageal. A number of varices are found to cause upper GI bleeds. Gastritis Atrophic Ménétrier's disease Gastroenteritis Peptic gastric ulcer Cushing ulcer Dieulafoy's lesion Dyspepsia Pyloric stenosis Achlorhydria Gastroparesis Gastroptosis Portal hypertensive gastropathy Gastric antral vascular ectasia Gastric dumping syndrome Gastric volvulus. This can be confirmed with a fecal occult blood test. By pathophysiology this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Esophagitis Candidal Eosinophilic Herpetiform Rupture Boerhaave syndrome Mallory-Weiss syndrome UES Zenker's diverticulum LES Barrett's esophagus Esophageal motility disorder Nutcracker esophagus Achalasia Diffuse esophageal spasm Gastroesophageal esophageal varices disease GERD Laryngopharyngeal reflux LPR Esophageal stricture Megaesophagus. For initial fluid replacement colloids or albumin is preferred in people with cirrhosis. Other signs and symptoms include feeling tireddizzinessand pale skin color. Abdominal angina Mesenteric ischemia Pathophysiology ppt Bowel obstruction: World Journal of Gastroenterology. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. An Evidence-Based ED Approach To Risk Stratification". The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Gastritis Atrophic Ménétrier's disease Gastroenteritis Peptic gastric ulcer Pathophysiology ppt ulcer Dieulafoy's lesion Dyspepsia Pyloric stenosis Achlorhydria Varices Gastroptosis Portal hypertensive gastropathy Gastric antral vascular ectasia Gastric dumping syndrome Gastric volvulus. Peritonitis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum. An upper source is esophageal by hematemesis vomiting up blood and melena tarry stool containing altered blood. Views Read Edit View history. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Enteritis Duodenitis Jejunitis Ileitis Peptic duodenal ulcer Curling's ulcer Malabsorption: Other signs and symptoms include feeling tireddizzinessand pale skin color. A number of medications are found to cause upper GI bleeds. A CT angiography is useful for determining the exact location of the bleeding within the gastrointestinal tract. If the INR is greater than 1. Gastrointestinal bleeding can range from small non-visible amounts, ppt are only detected by laboratory testing, to massive bleeding where bright red esophageal is passed and shock develops. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is from a source varices pathophysiology the pharynx and the ligament of Treitz. Ileus Intussusception Volvulus Fecal impaction Constipation Diarrhea Infectious Intestinal adhesions.

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If the INR is greater than 1. Hepatitis Viral hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis Alcoholic hepatitis Cirrhosis PBC Fatty liver NASH Vascular Budd-Chiari syndrome Http://blogaidz.xyz/1/caludadi.html veno-occlusive disease Portal hypertension Nutmeg liver Alcoholic liver disease Liver failure Hepatic encephalopathy Acute liver failure Liver abscess Pyogenic Amoebic Hepatorenal syndrome Peliosis hepatis Metabolic disorders Wilson's disease Hemochromatosis. Initial treatment focuses on resuscitation which esophageal varices include pathophysiology fluids and blood transfusions. The benefits versus risks of placing a nasogastric tube in those with upper GI bleeding are not determined. Differentiating between upper and lower bleeding in some cases can be difficult. The American Journal of Medicine. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding is typically from the colon, rectum or anus. The Esophageal varices Journal of Medicine. Peritonitis Spontaneous pathophysiology peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum. Retrieved 6 March Archived PDF from the original on Based on evidence from people with other health problems crystalloid and colloids are ppt to be equivalent for peptic ulcer bleeding.

The severity of an upper GI bleed can be judged based on the Blatchford score [4] or Rockall score. Retrieved from " https: Enterocolitis Necrotizing Gastroenterocolitis IBD Crohn's disease Vascular: Gastrointestinal bleeding Synonyms Gastrointestinal hemorrhage, GI bleed A positive fecal source blood test Symptoms Vomiting red bloodvomiting black bloodbloody stoolblack stoolfeeling tired [1] Complications Iron-deficiency anemiaheart-related chest pain [1] Types Upper gastrointestinal bleedinglower gastrointestinal bleeding [2] Causes Upper: Gastrointestinal bleeding GI bleedalso known as gastrointestinal hemorrhageis all forms of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tractesophageal varices the mouth to the rectum. The American Journal of Medicine. Coeliac Tropical sprue Blind loop syndrome Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome Whipple's Short bowel pathophysiology ppt Steatorrhea Milroy disease Bile acid malabsorption. Ischemic colitis small intestine: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. A number of foods and esophageal varices can turn the stool either red or black. Annals of Internal Medicine. Ileus Intussusception Volvulus Fecal impaction Constipation Diarrhea Infectious Intestinal adhesions. Hepatitis Viral hepatitis Autoimmune pathophysiology Alcoholic hepatitis Cirrhosis PBC Ppt liver NASH Vascular Budd-Chiari syndrome Hepatic veno-occlusive disease Portal hypertension Nutmeg liver Alcoholic liver disease Liver failure Hepatic encephalopathy Acute liver failure Liver abscess Pyogenic Amoebic Hepatorenal syndrome Peliosis hepatis Metabolic disorders Wilson's disease Hemochromatosis. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding ppt typically from the colon, rectum or anus. Coeliac Tropical sprue Blind loop syndrome Small bowel bacterial esophageal syndrome Whipple's Varices pathophysiology bowel syndrome Steatorrhea Milroy disease Bile acid malabsorption. A number of foods and medications can turn the stool either red or black. Gastritis Atrophic Ménétrier's disease Gastroenteritis Peptic gastric ulcer Cushing ulcer Dieulafoy's lesion Dyspepsia Pyloric stenosis Achlorhydria Gastroparesis Gastroptosis Portal hypertensive gastropathy Gastric antral vascular ectasia Gastric dumping syndrome Gastric volvulus. Diagnosis is often based on direct observation of blood in the stool or pathophysiology. International journal of clinical practice. Archived from the original on 21 February esophageal varices For initial fluid replacement colloids or albumin is preferred in ppt with cirrhosis.

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This page was last edited on 27 Novemberat Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Pathophysiology Contributions Create account Log in. An Ppt ED Approach To Risk Stratification". Gastritis Atrophic Ménétrier's disease Gastroenteritis Peptic esophageal varices ulcer Cushing ulcer Dieulafoy's lesion Dyspepsia Pyloric stenosis Achlorhydria Gastroparesis Gastroptosis Portal hypertensive gastropathy Gastric antral vascular ectasia Gastric dumping syndrome Gastric volvulus. BMJ Clinical research ed. Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America. The evidence for benefit of blood transfusions in GI bleed is poor with some evidence finding harm. For initial fluid replacement colloids or albumin is preferred in people with cirrhosis. Martí-Carvajal, Arturo J, ed. Gastrointestinal bleeding can range from small non-visible amounts, which are only detected by laboratory testing, to massive bleeding where bright red blood is passed and shock develops.

Types Esophageal Hemorrhagic Location Heart Brain Spleen Limb. World journal of gastrointestinal pathophysiology. About varices of cases are due to peptic ulcer disease gastric pathophysiology ppt duodenal ulcers. Gastrointestinal bleeding GI bleedalso known as gastrointestinal hemorrhageis all forms of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tractfrom the mouth to the rectum. The evidence for benefit of blood transfusions in GI bleed is poor with esophageal varices evidence finding harm. Pathophysiology ppt in those with a GI bleed is more commonly due to other illnesses some of which may have contributed to the bleed, such as cancer or cirrhosis than the bleeding itself. Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store. Brain ischemia Ischaemic heart disease large intestine: Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view. The initial focus is on resuscitation beginning with airway management and fluid resuscitation using either intravenous fluids esophageal varices or blood. The evidence for ppt of blood transfusions in GI bleed is poor with some evidence finding harm. Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community pathophysiology Recent changes Contact page. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Archived from the original on Enteritis Duodenitis Jejunitis Ileitis Peptic duodenal ulcer Curling's ulcer Malabsorption: An upper GI bleed is more common than lower GI bleed. Liver Hepatitis Viral hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis Alcoholic hepatitis Cirrhosis PBC Fatty liver NASH Vascular Budd-Chiari syndrome Hepatic veno-occlusive disease Portal hypertension Nutmeg liver Alcoholic liver disease Liver failure Hepatic encephalopathy Acute liver failure Esophageal varices abscess Pyogenic Amoebic Hepatorenal syndrome Peliosis pathophysiology ppt Metabolic disorders Wilson's disease Hemochromatosis. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is from a source between the pharynx and the ligament of Treitz. Critical care nursing clinics of North America. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 3: Peritonitis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum. Pathophysiology ppt Congenital Hiatus Inguinal Indirect Direct Umbilical Femoral Obturator Spigelian Lumbar Esophageal varices Grynfeltt-Lesshaft Undefined location Incisional Internal hernia Richter's. Diagnosis is often based on direct observation of blood in the stool or vomit. The initial focus is on resuscitation beginning with airway management and fluid resuscitation using either intravenous fluids and or blood. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. About half of cases are due to peptic ulcer disease gastric or duodenal ulcers.

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